Prediction of Effective Permittivity of Foam-Polymer Materials

Porous plastics are used in various fields of industry, including radio- and electrotechnical fields. They are characterized by good heat- and sound isolating, dielectric and mechanical properties as well as by resistance to effect of various external factors during operation. The problem of estimation of effective permittivity of foam-polymer materials with a large volume fraction of pores, in particular, polyepoxide foam materials, has been considered. Two methods for solving it, both based on the matrix have been proposed. In the first method the matrix is considered as a polyepoxide binder, and the cavities filled with gas are taken as inclusions. In the second method the polyepoxide walls, separating cavities, are taken as inclusions, and gas filling cavities is considered as a matrix. To obtain the formulas for calculation, both methods use a generalized singular approximation of the theory of random fields. Based on the obtained expressions, the model calculations of the effective permittivity of a macroscopically isotropic foam material with a polymer binder based on E-20 and the cavities filled with freon, depending on the apparent density of the material, have been made. The calculations in the generalized singular approximations have been carried out for two of its variants: when the matrix was considered as a comparison medium; and, also by the self-consistent method. In the calculations using the second method two variants of the shape of the cells of the material have been considered: a weakly leaked or heavily leaked polyhedron. The calculated dependences obtained by all methods have shown the qualitative compliance with the experimental data.
Igor V. Lavrov
National Research University of Electronic Technology, Moscow, Russia
Vladimir V. Bardushkin
National Research University of Electronic Technology
V.B. Yakovlev
National Research University of Electronic Technology, Moscow
Andrey V. Bardushkin
National Research University of Electronic Technology; LLC «Alphachip»